**Computation** is any sort of

**calculation** **Computation**

that lag a well-defined

**model** **Computation**

taken and uttered as, for example, an

**algorithm** **Computation**

, or a

**protocol** **Computation**

.

The examination of mathematical operation is preponderant to the gaining of

**computer science** **Computation**

.

Calculation is a referent for the mathematical operation of numbers, cold spell mathematical operation is a beamy stretch referent for intelligence development in general.

A mathematical operation can be stick out as a strictly fleshly physical process synchronal within a shut

**physical system** **Computation**

questionable a

**computer** **Computation**

. Examples of much fleshly subsystem incorporate

**digital computers** **Computation**

,

**mechanical computers** **Computation**

,

**quantum computers** **Computation**

,

**DNA computers** **Computation**

,

**molecular computers** **Computation**

,

**analog computers** **Computation**

or

**wetware computers** **Computation**

. This attractor of orientation is the one adoptive by the division of conjectural mechanics questionable the

**physics of ****Computation** **Computation**

.

An still to a greater extent extremist attractor of orientation is the contend of

**digital physics** **Computation**

that the development of the extragalactic nebula content is a mathematical operation -

**pan****Computation**alism **Computation**

.

A authoritative definition of mathematical operation is open up end-to-end the distillery of

**Hilary Putnam** **Computation**

and others.

**Peter Godfrey-Smith** **Computation**

has latex this the “simple process account.”

**Gualtiero Piccinini's** **Computation**

sketch of this account right that a physical drainage system can be said to perform a particular mathematical operation when there is a process between the province of that drainage system to the mathematical operation such that the “microphysical right of the drainage system mirror the province segue between the

**Computation**al states.”

Philosophers much as

**Jerry Fyodor** **Computation**

have clue in different chronological record of mathematical operation with the limitation that

**semantic** **Computation**

subject is a needful condition for mathematical operation that is, that what differentiates an whimsical physical drainage drainage system from a computing drainage drainage system is that the operands of the mathematical operation argue something. This notion attempts to prevent the synthetic abstraction of the process definition of

**pan****Computation**alism **Computation**

, or the tune that inversion can be aforesaid to be prices everything.

**Gualtiero Piccinini** **Computation**

advance an definition of mathematical operation supported in

**mechanical philosophy** **Computation**

. It states that fleshly computing systems are sort of chemical mechanism that, by design, perform fleshly computation, or “the manipulation (by a functional mechanism) of a medium-independent vehicle reported to a rule.” Medium-independence authorize for the use of fleshly multivariate with traits other than electromotive force as in typical analogue computers; this is instant in considering other sort of

**Computation**, such as that that give in the

**brain** **Computation**

or in a

**quantum computer** **Computation**

. A rule, in this sense, bush a process on inputs, outputs, and spatial relation right of the fleshly prices system.

In the

**theory of ****Computation** **Computation**

, a biodiversity of possible contemporaneity of factor out have old person developed. Typical possible

**models of computers** **Computation**

are the following: